Excel Hospital
  • What is Gallbladder Polyp?

    • Gallbladder polyps are growths that protrude from the lining of the inside of the gallbladder.
    • Most of the gallbladder polyps are benign in nature (some may grow into cancer).

  • Classification

    Benign :
    • Pseudotumors (cholesterol polyps, inflammatory polyps; cholesterolosis and hyperplasia)
    • Epithelial tumors (adenomas) and mesenchymatous tumors (fibroma, lipoma, and hemangioma)
    Malignant

  • Types

    • Cholesterol polyp/cholesterosis
    • Cholesterosis with fibrous dysplasia of gallbladder
    • Adenomyomatosis
    • Hyperplastic cholecystosis
    • Adenocarcinoma

  • Symptoms

    • Asymptomatic mostly
    • Upper abdominal pain
    • Nausea/Vomiting

  • Complications

    • Gallbladder Cancer

  • Diagnosis

    • USG
    • CT scan
    • MRCP

  • Treatment

    • Polyps which are smaller than 1 cm and are asymptomatic are monitored for 6–12 months with control ultrasound scans, in order to detect any rapid growth.
    • Sessile polyps have a higher prevalence of malignancy than do the patients with pedunculated polyps.
    Surgery : Choleycystectomy - Removal of Gallbladder
    • Open
    • Laparoscopic (Preferable)