Excel Hospital
  • What is Ulcerative Colitis?

    • Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine. It usually involves the rectum first. Thereafter it may progress to the entire colon.

  • Causes and Risk Factors

    • Unknown
    • Hereditary
    • Below 30 age group
    • Autoimmune Hypothesis - Over reaction of immune system to the bacteria in the digestive tract

  • Symptoms

    • Abdominal pain or cramps
    • Diarrhoea
    • Bleeding in stool
    • Fever
    • Weight loss

  • Diagnosis

    • Colonoscopy (with biopsy )
    • Blood test
    • Stool examination
    • Barium enema
    • Ct Scan

  • Complications

    • Anaemia (low Haemoglobin)
    • Toxic megacolon (a potentially lethal condition with nonobstructive colonic dilatation larger than 6cm and signs of systemic toxicity)
    • Intestinal cancer

  • Treatment

    • Medical management
    • Surgery (removal of colon) - Removing the colon cures the Ulcerative colitis. It also prevents colon cancer