Excel Hospital
  • What is Thoracoscopy?

    • A Thoracoscopy is an examination of the space between lung and chest wall using a small ‘telescope’, called a thoracoscope, through a little hole (about 1-2 cm) in the chest.

  • Purpose of Thoracoscopy

    • To find out the cause of illness and to help chest symptoms.
    • To remove fluid which may have collected inside chest, between the lung and the chest wall (pleural effusion), and try to prevent this from happening again.

  • How is it performed?

    • A thin tube which is placed through the skin of chest into the space between the lung and ribs (pleural space).
    • This allows a look inside the chest and around the outside of lungs to find out why fluid has collected in the chest cavity.
    • The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.
    • It usually involves taking samples, biopsies, from the pleura (the membrane lining the chest wall) through the thoracoscope.
    • Some fluid is sent for analysis. This is to find the cause of fluid or air in the pleural space.

  • Indications

    • Diagnostic: Pleural effusions, Pneumo-thorax, Diffuse lung disease
    • Therapeutic : Pleurodesis

  • Diagnosis

    • Chest X-ray
    • Blood test
    • CT scan

  • Risk and Complications

    • Wound infection
    • Air leak through the lung wall ( Pneumothorax )
    • Bleeding
    • Pain or numbness at the incision site
    • Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia)
    • Cough