What is Laparoscopy Surgery?
• Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small holes (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body.
What is Mini Laparoscopy Surgery?
• Mini laparoscopy incisions are in the range of 3- 3.5 mm and this has the advantage that many times the stitches are not required to close them or if required, they are hardly visible.
• Further smaller incisions mean lesser pain and faster recovery.
• Laparoscopy and Mini-Laparoscopy are now widely used in surgery and is the gold standard of care in many surgeries.
• One can inquire with surgeon for the same.
• During the surgical procedure, small holes of up to half an inch are made and tubes called ports are placed through them. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient.
• The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a television monitor. The video camera becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopy surgery, since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure.
• After the laparoscopy, one will go to the recovery room for 2 to 4 hours. One can usually do your normal activities the next day & can start the routine work in few days, but do not do any strenuous activity or exercise for few weeks.
Uses of Laparoscopy
• To take out infected/damaged organs, such as the gallbladder(laparoscopic cholecystectomy), appendix (appendectomy), uterus, spleen, or ovaries. Removal (resection) of the infected/damaged intestine also can be done.
• To check for and possibly take out abnormal growths (such as tumors) in the belly or pelvis.
• To fix a hiatal hernia or an inguinal hernia.
• TO check for and treat conditions such as endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
• To find conditions that can make it hard for a woman to become pregnant. These conditions include cysts, adhesions, fibroids, and infection. Laparoscopy may be done after initial infertility tests do not show the cause for the infertility.
• To do a biopsy.
• To see whether cancer in another area of the body has spread to the belly.
• To check for damage to internal organs, such as the spleen, after an injury or accident.
• To do a tubal ligation.
• To find the cause of sudden or ongoing abdominal pain.
• Reduced haemorrhaging, which reduces the chance of needing a blood transfusion.
• Smaller incision, which reduces pain and shortens recovery time, as well as resulting in less post-operative scarring.
• Less pain, leading to less pain medication needed.
• Hospital stay is less, and often with a same day discharge, which leads to a faster return to everyday living.
• Reduced exposure of internal organs to possible external contaminants thereby reduced risk of acquiring infections.
• Earlier return to full activities.
• Operation marks are barely visible & cosmetically better.
• There may be less adhesions due to less internal scarring when the procedures are performed in a minimally invasive fashion compared to standard open surgery.