Excel Hospital
  • What is Inguinal Hernia?

    • When the fat, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the inguinal canal in the groin.
    • About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area.

  • Symptoms

    • A bulge in the area on either side of the pubic bone
    • A burning, gurgling or aching sensation in the groin
    • Pain or discomfort, a heavy or dragging sensation in the groin, especially when bending over, coughing or lifting
    • Occasionally, pain and swelling around the testicles when the protruding intestine descends into the scrotum

  • Causes

    • Increased pressure within the abdomen
    • A pre-existing weak spot in the abdominal wall
    • Straining during bowel movements or urination
    • Heavy lifting
    • Fluid in the abdomen (ascites)
    • Pregnancy
    • Excess weight
    • Chronic coughing(due to Lung diseases, Smoking, etc.)
    • Smoking

  • Risk Factors

    • Male: because of a natural weakness in this area
    • Premature birth

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  • Complications

    Pressure on surrounding tissues:
    Most inguinal hernias enlarge over time if they're not repaired surgically. Large hernias can put pressure on surrounding tissues. In men, large hernias may extend into the scrotum, causing pain and swelling.
    Incarcerated hernia:
    If the omentum or a loop of intestine becomes trapped in the weak point in the abdominal wall, it can obstruct the bowel, leading to severe pain, nausea, vomiting, and the inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas.
    Strangulation:
    An incarcerated hernia may cut off blood flow to part of your intestine. This condition is called strangulation, and it can lead to the death of the affected bowel tissue. A strangulated hernia is life-threatening and requires immediate surgery.

  • Diagnosis

    • Clinical Examination
    • X ray
    • USG
    • CT scan

  • Treatment

    Surgery (with/without mesh repair)
    • Laparoscopic (Preferably)
    • Open