Excel Hospital
  • What is Hernia?

    • A hernia occurs when there is a weakness or hole in the muscular wall that usually keeps abdominal organs in place. This defect allows organs and tissues to push through, or herniate, producing a bulge.

  • Types

    Inguinal hernia: (more common in men) a bulge in the groin that may reach the scrotum

    Femoral hernia: a bulge just below the groin (more common in women)

    Umbilical hernia: a hernia at belly button

    Incisional hernia: a bulging through the scar of previous abdominal surgery

    Hiatal or hiatus hernia: an opening in the diaphragm through which the stomach protrudes into the chest cavity

  • Causes

    • Long-term constipation
    • Long-term cough
    • Physical exertion - Lifting heavy items
    • Straining to urinate - Enlarged prostate
    • Ageing
    • Overweight or obese
    • Abdominal fluid collection - Ascites
    • Poor nutrition
    • Peritoneal dialysis
    • Smoking

  • Symptoms

    • Swelling (Painless or Painful)
    • Nausea (In case of Hiatus Hernia or when Hernia is obstructed)
    • Vomiting (In case of Hiatus Hernia or when Hernia is obstructed)
    • Heartburn (In case of Hiatus Hernia)

  • Diagnosis

    • Clinical examination (in most of the cases)
    • Ultrasonography (USG)
    • CT Scan (abdomen)
    • Barium study, Endoscopy- for Hiatal Hernia

  • Treatment

    Surgery – Laparoscopy / Open (with / without mesh repair)
    • Hernias can cause an emergency need for surgery, such as when part of the intestine becomes obstructed or strangulated